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Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists Job Description

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Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists

The following job description describes the common responsibilities for this occupation.

Job Description

Study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management, including the collection and analysis of biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water areas.

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Zoologist Job Description, Wildlife Biologist Job Description - Comments

Both a zoologist job description and a wildlife biologist job description are essentially that of a Biologist who specializes in non-domesticated animals. A zoologist job description involves studying the origin, behavior, social interaction, and life cycle of organisms in a controlled and natural environment. A wildlife biologist usually does more fieldwork - studying ecosystems, trophic levels, and impact on the overall wildlife of an area due to a series of factors such as climate, invasive species, and anthropogenic causes. Zoologists also do field research, but tend to specialize in a certain type of animal or a certain aspect of an animal.

A career in zoology or wildlife biology generally requires at least a four-year degree, often in general biology. On average, a four-year degree will result in an assistant or associate research position. A master’s degree generally focuses the biologist’s specialization into either zoology or wildlife biology and allows the scientist to apply for grants, direct field research, teach, and write papers. A zoologist or wildlife biologist with a doctorate generally works in an academic environment. Earning a doctorate provides the authority to oversee grants, conduct peer reviews of papers, teach, and work in a higher administrative capacity such as department head or dean.

According to a recent PayScale salary survey of Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists, salaries vary greatly by industry. The survey also showed that Zoology Salaries are affected by location. Many zoologists and wildlife biologists were previously employed as scientific researchers or Biological Technicians while doing undergraduate or graduate work.

For more information on a zoologist job description or wildlife biologist job description, read about Dr. James B. Wood's Marine Biologist Job Description in the PayScale blogs section. To find job titles, descriptions, and salaries for other positions, take our free Salary Survey.

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