Marine Biologist Salary: Becoming a Marine Biologist

Name: Dr. James B. Wood
Job Title: Marine Biologist
Where: Bermuda
Employer: BIOS (Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences)
Years of Experience: 7 (post PhD)
Education: PhD
Salary: A Marine Biologist Median Salary is $51,957

Marine Biologist Salary: Becoming a Marine Biologist

For readers who want more info about the average marine biologist salary or careers in marine biology, you have come to the right interview. We recently spoke to Dr. James B. Wood, a marine biologist stationed in Bermuda, who discussed his steps in becoming a marine biologist.

James explained the qualifications for becoming a marine biologist, the average marine biologist salary in the academic world, and different options for students who are excited about careers in marine biology. He also gave a very realistic outlook for careers in marine biology and revealed some of the factors that can impact a marine biologist salary. James explained that careers in marine biology can be both challenging and exciting, but limited funding for research means greater competition for marine biologists, as well as less job security.

Marine biology may be a labor of love, but if you're excited and determined about becoming a marine biologist, James says to go for it. Keep reading to find out how this successful scientist has shaped his own career in marine biology.

Marine Biologist

(Photo Credit: Marine Biologist at Work, by NOAA's National Ocean Service)

Marine Biologist Job Description:

One of the great things about my job is that, often, I don't have a daily routine. Sometimes I sleep in; sometimes we are out until 2 a.m. in the rain, tagging squid because that is what it takes to get the job done. Overall, I work a lot. A 60-hour workweek is typical. During part of the year, I teach from 9 to 5 every Monday and Wednesday. I prep and grade for much of the rest of the week.

I also spend a lot of time online, writing grant proposals, filling out forms, etc. In the summer and fall, I have interns and we are in the field several times a week working with octopuses and/or squid. When we are doing field work, our schedule is at the mercy of the weather and when (and if) we find the animals that we are looking for.

Can you tell us about your steps toward becoming a marine biologist?

How to Increase Your Salary as a Marine Biologist.
Education is the key to increasing your salary as a Marine Biologist. There are degrees and certifications that will increase your salary and make you a more valuable employee. In this economic downturn, education is a key strategy for a successful career as a Marine Biologist.

Marine Biology isn't the easiest career choice. I graduated with highest honors and a 3.97 GPA from the University of Florida. While at UF, I spent two summers as an intern, one at the University of Hawaii and one at the Smithsonian Station in Link Port, Florida. I also started publishing an aquarium magazine. I went to graduate school, in order to work with deep-sea octopuses, at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada.

While a graduate student in 1995, I taught myself how to make web pages and started The Cephalopod Page, which has been online ever since. In 1998, we created one of the first online biological databases, CephBase.

I also volunteered to escape Canada for two weeks and help a colleague with her research on a reef squid in Bonaire – this work was eventually featured in the nature special Tentacles. I worked in Texas essentially as a post-doc for three years before I was able to escape and have been a junior faculty member at BIOS since Sept. 2003. My full CV is online here.

Can you recall any memorable moments from your career in marine biology?

Well, I grew up in south Florida and I thought north Florida was too cold! That was until Dalhousie (in Canada) offered me their best scholarship, always returned my calls and even flew me up for a visit. On top of that, they had captured some deep-sea octopuses and had them waiting for me before I even started – how could I refuse that? What an opportunity!

I understood that it would be cold during the winter (in Canada), but not so much that life as I knew it would cease to exist! So there I am, in the middle of winter, with the only baby captive hatched deep-sea octopuses and no food for them! This was fixed by late-night plankton tows off a bridge; that was the only time I could actually catch amphipods (small shrimp like animals) and I couldn't afford a boat.

No human had ever observed the species of deep-sea octopus (that I worked on) mate. This is biologically important as the males have a very large mating structure that no one had observed in use. And no human had ever observed them hatch out of their eggs – after a 450 day wait while the mom starves herself and broods her eggs. I was the first person on the planet to see both, this was my PhD work.

What advice would you give to those interested in becoming a marine biologist? What is the outlook for careers in marine biology?

If you look at my CV online, you might see a very successful young scientist. I've been on the Discovery Channel and National Geographic. I'm publishing papers in my field as well as popular papers; I'm involved in a number of successful web pages and outreach projects. I've made a life-changing difference for many students and have an excellent teaching record.

All of these things are what one would consider "success."

What if I told you that at the same time, I'm struggling, I often don't have a paycheck and I have absolutely no job security? What if I told you that this was fairly normal for someone my age at a soft money institution? What if I told you that a close friend of mine, who is very talented and also has a PhD, is living at home and working part-time?

What if I told you that there is little money for basic science and there are many more qualified people than there are jobs? Or if I said that right now is a particularly bad time as the U.S. has chosen to invest in Iraq, instead of education, healthcare, and basic science?

With a shiny new PhD, young scientists are well-trained to conduct original research, interact with the public and teach, but very poorly trained for the economic reality they are about to face.

My advice for anyone that wants to be a marine biologist is to take a serious look at the number of jobs and the number of people trying to get those jobs; take a very close look at the economics of academic research positions. What happens to competition and prices when the supply of qualified people outstrips demand? Then realistically look at yourself and evaluate how much this potential career choice means to you. If you are still determined, go for it.

What is the average marine biologist salary?

The attractive and widely available posted salaries for faculty members don't tell the whole story. I work at a soft money institution and my salary is completely dependent on grants and teaching. The U.S. has chosen to invest in Iraq instead of education, healthcare, and research. It is an especially difficult time to be a biologist.

My marine biologist salary is dependent on writing successful grant proposals. It takes me about two months to write a proposal. Let's say the work one proposes to do will take five months. So for seven months of work, one would get paid for five months – but that is only if 100 percent of proposals are funded. On average, maybe only one in ten grants are funded! So writing ten grant proposals takes 20 months, the one that gets funded requires five months of work for which you actually get paid.

So for 25 months of work, on average, one can expect to get paid for five months. One's official rate of pay might be 100k a year, which sounds attractive, but a fifth of that is not.

Education is much better and covers the bulk of my marine biologist salary. But if a class is canceled due to low enrollment, and this does happen, sometime suddenly, I’m out of a paycheck for that period as well. There is no job security at a soft money research institution. There is no tenure here as well.

To become a faculty member at a research institution, you need to earn a PhD. This takes about five years of additional education after an undergraduate degree, four years. During this time you will earn an annual salary of $16,000. Then, if you are lucky, there is a post-doc period where scientists earn an annual salary of perhaps $30,000. Each step is a weeding out process and many people don't make it – too many people are told "education is the way to go," but there are too few jobs.

Faculty annual salaries are much higher, in the $45,000 to $125,000 range. But this is very misleading because if you don't have a grant or a class you simply don't get paid. Most faculty members I know work 60-plus hours a week and struggle to maintain a family and other aspects of normal life.

The good aspects of marine biology are the research and the teaching. If you truly love marine biology and want a career where you can be sure that you have a strong positive impact on people and that you personally will leave the world a better place than when you found it, marine biology is an option for you.

How does your salary compare to the average marine biologist salary? Find out with PayScale's Salary Calculator.


  1. 22 Rachel C 28 May
    I really want to be a marine biologist. I love marine animals and studing them and doing field research would be my dream. I was wondering if there is any summer opportunities (not camps) where I could help out? I'm an underclassmen in high school. If anyone know so someone/someplace that would be great. Thanks...
  2. 21 jessica 14 May
    I am only in junior high school doing a school project about marine biology and I can say that I will earn a PHD in marine biology when I graduate with my class of 2021
  3. 20 jeff 14 Mar
    you changed my life
  4. 19 BLAZEPSI 14 Jan
    Thank You for sharing....Long Live Science!
  5. 18 Daniel 18 Nov
    Right now, I am making a power point on the career that i will be majoring after I transfer to the University of Rhode Island. Marine Biology was the pick that I made, and this is very useful information to me. Thanks so much!
  6. 17 Emily 09 Nov
    Funny im here because im only in 7th grade. But I have been looking at colleges since 5th and I love animals and the ocean put them together and i get marine bio.
  7. 16 harmony 03 Nov
    i love marine life and the biology of it, i have only a few years of school left until college and i was thinking of applying to UCSD for their oceanography courses . but now looking more into the finacial stability of this job im not sure if it will give me a steady cash flow so i can take care of myself and possibly a future family.... im considering taking an AP marine biology at my highschool, but im really not sure whether to take it :( ahhh its so confusing
  8. 15 MaTy Christensen 12 Oct
    Hi my name is MaTy, I'm thinking about going into marine biology, but don't know much about the degree or the jobs that I could do with the degree.
  9. 14 faith 25 Sep
    Hi my name is faith, me and my best friend wants to be a marine biologist. We don't really like science but we love animals and mamals. we only have 5 to 6 more years left of school until college.
  10. 13 zac 17 Sep
    which school is the best for marine bio?
  11. 12 Aparna 09 Jul
    Sir, I have completed my undergraduate in B.Sc (Hons) Marine Science from India.. ( a three year course) I have a CGPA of 9.42 (over all six semesters). I am now going to do a post graduate diploma in Aquculture in Canada as I have only 15 years of education need to do a bridge course to complete 16 years of education but I eventually want to do my M.Sc in Marine biology. Is the change of stream from Aquaculture to Marine Biology possible.. I am very passionate about marine biology would love to do it.
  12. 11 Jamison 30 Apr
    OK honostly not trying to be mean but this reading did not give me what i needed
  13. 10 Owen Smith 29 Mar
    Does your salary depend on the quality of your degree and grades etc. or is it largely governed by luck?
  14. 9 Jianna K 26 Nov
    Hi. This article helped me a little about what i need to know. I am a Senior in high school trying to find a way into the Marine Biology life. I see that you were struggling when you were trying to do this and i am noticing it many places. I love Marine life and i really want to major in it when i go to college next year. My grades are decent amount but with my low scores of SATs i really need a boost in my luck. I am also in JROTC in my school and with the career of Marine Biology i want to help out in ROTC and in the military. Do you have any pointers or Advice on what should i do with after college?? Thank you for your time
  15. 8 Sofia 25 Sep
    Thank you for this helpful information. I was wondering if you know any places that are best to practice this field.
  16. 7 Dr. James B. Wood 05 Aug
    i like fishies in my pants
  17. 6 Harry johnson 05 Aug
    ha gayyyy
  18. 5 Me 01 Jul

    1st. The people who have commented have very bad grammar. But, thank you Dr. James Wood. (Hope I got that right.) Is this a yearly pay?

  19. 4 Andrew Gentry 29 May

    that is very good information.But I don't know if I should be an Marine Biologist or a Oceanographer. Do you have a opinion of which one i should be plz tell me                                                                                  -Andrew


  20. 3 HR Jobs In Delhi 23 May
    Yes you write a very good and important article. Its a very useful information for me. Write more about employ attitude.
  21. 2 natalie sanchez 30 Sep
    good info ho
  22. 1 Melinda 17 May

    I am considering a career in marine biology at university of miami when i move to florida in the spring im 25 with a 2 and 3 year old, I almost feel like i threw away too much of my early years to start college but i want to do this badly because i love the ocean and the creatures in it. Is there any pointers or dangers in the schooling or career i should be aware of.


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