Usually when we think about workplace discrimination, we think about discrimination based on
gender, sex, race, disability, age, religion, or sexual orientation. The Civil Rights Act, the American
With Disabilities Act, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and various state and local laws
make each of these types of discrimination illegal in at least some parts of our country. Some states like Hawaii and Illinois have also passed "Ban the Box
" legislation to help prevent discrimination against felons in some stages of the employment process. But other areas of discrimination continue to be legal, most of the time. We say most of the time because, if these types of discrimination are really used just as a pretext to hide illegal discrimination, then these types of discrimination may also be illegal.