The gender pay gap is a complex issue. In order to begin to understand the situation, it's important to appreciate the difference between what PayScale is calling the controlled and the uncontrolled gender pay gap. Not only do women earn less than men for equal work, they also do different jobs in the first place. The truth about the gender pay gap is that it's much more complicated than some people think.
Having strong references can mean the difference between hearing, "You're hired!" and hearing nothing but dreaded silence. I've often covered the most appropriate methods of acquiring references, including asking permission, providing them with information about the position, and keeping them up-to-date with the overall process. This methodology is great if you already know who your references are, but where do you begin when you're not even sure who to ask?