A cameraman is also called a camera operator. This person is generally responsible for recording various occurrences with a video camera for television programs or movie productions. This person can work with digital, electronic, or film cameras in a variety of environments. Sometimes this is within a studio, and sometimes in an outdoors environment, depending on the needs of their program. This is a position that will work with a team of other crew people under the supervision of a director.
Many companies will not require their cameramen to have formal education. On the job experience is more indicative of success, though several film schools do have courses in camera operating techniques.
This is a position that can have a wide variety of responsibilities, dependent on the needs of their director and organization. Some duties will include assembling and preparing equipment (which can include cameras, monitors, lighting, cables, and tripods), setting up camera equipment, practicing camera moves, planning various shots for dramatic effect, offering camera-related advice relating to visual impact, solving problems relating to technical or practical issues, experimenting with various shots, working quickly and efficiently under high stress circumstances, keeping current knowledge regarding film techniques, repairing camera equipment, maintaining camera equipment, maintaining workplace safety, acting as an effective teammate, and rehearsing as directed. A cameraman is an asset to any television or film production, as their efforts can often be the key to success. A cameraman should be highly attentive to detail and able to act quickly and efficiently under the direction of their supervisor.
Operate the film or digital camera that records the television, movie, or live event.
Assemble, prepare, set up, and disassemble equipment before and after shooting.