Phlebotomists are responsible for all tasks related to drawing blood for medical procedures. This includes preparing the patient for the procedure by taking vital signs and interviewing them briefly, initiating the venipuncture (needle-drawing) or capillary (finger-prick) puncture technique to draw blood, and cleaning and sealing the area afterwards. They must have all necessary materials (such as tourniquets, needles, bandages, and alcohol) sterile and ready for the patient. Once a sample is taken, phlebotomists are responsible for proper labeling and storage, as well as any additional routing or processing that may be needed. In the case of donations, they may screen blood through testing. They must follow all health, safety, and infection-control guidelines while performing their work.