Under the supervision of the sheriff’s office, the deputy sheriff assists in the enforcement of all state and local laws that ensure public safety. Depending on the individual reporting structure of each sheriff’s office, the deputy sheriff is likely to report to a sergeant or lieutenant in the office.The deputy sheriff is required to use sound and independent decision-making skills throughout the day. Situations that require these skills are sometimes dangerous, and the deputy sheriff must maintain the ability to solve problems under pressure.
Many of the duties of a deputy sheriff involve riding in a patrol car to observe and respond to criminal activity or dangerous situations. While in the patrol car, the deputy sheriff additionally responds to calls that relate to the safety and welfare of the public, investigates public complaints, enforces applicable laws, and provides visual evidence of a law enforcement presence. Additionally, the deputy sheriff is responsible for protecting the public in the event that county or private property presents a danger to the public. For example, the deputy sheriff might direct traffic when a traffic signal is not working, or guide traffic around the site of an auto accident.
In the event of a crime, the deputy sheriff is responsible for interviewing witnesses, gathering evidence, and conducting general operations of the investigation. This includes serving official documentation such as warrants, subpoenas and summons, as well as acting as a witness in court.
The deputy sheriff position generally requires U.S. citizenship and a high school diploma or equivalent. Applicants for the position must be at least 21 years old in most jurisdictions, and former members of the armed services must have been discharged honorably. Applicants must not have a history of felony convictions.
Deputy Sheriff Tasks
Enforce all local, state, and federal laws according to procedure.
Conduct community outreach, education, and public assistance activities.
Patrol assigned areas and operate department vehicles as needed.
Perform various physical feats to aid in the capture and arrest of suspects and known criminals.
Investigate all reports, accidents, criminal activity, and emergency situations.