The average Mathematician in the United States earns approximately $72K per year. Career duration and the particular city each impact pay for this group, with the former having the largest influence. Mathematicians who took the survey are largely men, dominating at 81 percent. A large number report receiving medical coverage from their employers and the larger part collect dental insurance. Most Mathematicians report high levels of job satisfaction. Respondents to the PayScale salary survey provided the data for this report.

$45,002 - $116,116
(Median)
$45K
$72K
$120K
MEDIAN: $71,771
10%
50%
90%

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$12.15 - $51.12
(Median)
$12
$20
$51
MEDIAN: $20
10%
50%
90%

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National Salary Data (?
XAll compensation data shown are gross 10th to 90th percentile ranges. Take the PayScale Survey to find out how location influences pay for this job.
)
$0$50K$100K$150K
Salary
$45,002 - $116,116  
   
Bonus
$993 - $10,067  
Profit Sharing
$983  
Total Pay (?
XTotal Pay combines base annual salary or hourly wage, bonuses, profit sharing, tips, commissions, overtime pay and other forms of cash earnings, as applicable for this job. It does not include equity (stock) compensation, cash value of retirement benefits, or the value of other non-cash benefits (e.g. healthcare).
)
$41,093 - $115,504  
Country: United States | Currency: USD | Updated: 28 Oct 2016 | Individuals Reporting: 141
National Hourly Rate Data (?
XAll compensation data shown are gross 10th to 90th percentile ranges. Take the PayScale Survey to find out how location influences pay for this job.
)
$0$25$50$75
Hourly Rate
$12.15 - $51.12  
   
Hourly Tips
$0.86  
Overtime
$28.93  
National Annualized Data (?
XAll compensation data shown are gross 10th to 90th percentile ranges. Take the PayScale Survey to find out how location influences pay for this job.
)
$0$50K$100K$150K
Bonus
$993 - $10,067  
   
Profit Sharing
$983  
Total Pay (?
XTotal Pay combines base annual salary or hourly wage, bonuses, profit sharing, tips, commissions, overtime pay and other forms of cash earnings, as applicable for this job. It does not include equity (stock) compensation, cash value of retirement benefits, or the value of other non-cash benefits (e.g. healthcare).
)
$41,093 - $115,504  
Country: United States | Currency: USD | Updated: 28 Oct 2016 | Individuals Reporting: 22
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Job Description for Mathematician

The career of a mathematician centers on performing advanced mathematical equations (often with computers and using complex software) to theorize and understand mathematical principles and, in turn, solve real-world problems. A common misconception about mathematicians is that they work only with integers; however, they also work with more abstract structures such as rings in the algebraic number theory. Applying theories to shapes and geometry is just one example of a particular skill that makes one far more effective in this field.

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Mathematician Tasks

  • Perform computations and numerical analyses of data.
  • Apply mathematical theories to practical problems in a variety of settings and fields.
  • Design and development computational methods for solving problems in science, engineering, or other industries.
  • Conduct mathematical research to expand the knowledge base of traditional areas of math, such as algebra, geometry, and logic.
  • Act as the lead advisor or expert in the application of mathematical analysis to resolve scientific or engineering issues.

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Popular Skills for Mathematician


Mathematicians report using a diverse set of skills on the job. Most notably, facility with R, Python, and C++ Programming Language are correlated to pay that is significantly above average, leading to increases of 27 percent, 26 percent, and 19 percent, respectively. Skills that are correlated to lower pay, on the other hand, include Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Office. Those familiar with Matlab also tend to know R.

Pay by Experience Level for Mathematician

Median of all compensation (including tips, bonus, and overtime) by years of experience.


Experience seems to be a major factor in determining the incomes of Mathematicians. Salaries for the relatively untried average out to around $65K, but survey participants with five to 10 years of experience earn a significantly higher median of $81K. Mathematicians bring in $91K after working for 10 to 20 years. Survey participants who have worked for more than two decades report bringing in $107K on average.

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Experience Affects Mathematician Salaries

Late-Career
up arrow 51%

Experienced
up arrow 29%

Mid-Career
up arrow 14%

National Average
$71,000

Entry-Level
up arrow 9%

Skills That Affect Mathematician Salaries

R
up arrow 27%

Python
up arrow 26%

C++ Programming Language
up arrow 19%

up arrow 16%

C++
up arrow 2%

National Average
$71,000


Microsoft Excel
up arrow 18%

Job Satisfaction

Extremely satisfied
Rated 5 out of 5
based on 17 votes.

Gender

Female
19 %
Male
81 %

Years of Experience

Less than 1 year
15%
1-4 years
34%
5-9 years
18%
10-19 years
20%
20 years or more
13%

Common Health Benefits

medical benefits
Medical: 80%
dental benefits
Dental: 63%
medical benefits
Vision: 52%
dental benefits
None: 17%
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