A pediatric surgeon is a person with the experience and qualifications to treat children, usually focusing on the most severe cases requiring surgery from the neck to the pelvic region. Surgery for children is quite different from surgery for adults, and special training is required. These surgeons work in hospitals, treating children from newborns to late adolescence. Pediatric surgeons work to repair defects, diagnose and repair tumors, and perform transplants. A typical work environment for them is a medical facility, usually within a children's or emergency hospital, but they can work within university facilities as well. The types of industries that employ them are mainly in large scale medical industries, but researchers and community hospitals employ them also.
A pediatric surgeon typically works with a group of medical professionals, such as nurses and other assistants to aid in surgical procedures. A surgeon will interact with patients parents, other surgeons, doctors, and other facility staff, such as records keepers, secretaries, and front desk personnel.
The educational requirements to become a pediatric surgeon are rigorous. Even after a minimum of four years of schooling, most surgeons will train for up to a decade after medical school before receiving their license. After completing schooling and training, a surgeon can achieve board certification from the American Pediatric Surgical Association and begin practicing. They typically work regular hours unless they are a part of an emergency hospital, in which case they may be required to remain on call. The job can be very demanding with some surgeries lasting for hours at a time.