State troopers are employed by state governments to perform police officer duties. A large amount of the state trooper's time is spent in a police station filing necessary paperwork. This is also where suspects that have been arrested or detained are taken for interrogation; once the trooper takes a suspect into custody, they must question them to obtain information about the alleged crime that has occurred. In the police station, they may also interview victims or witnesses for more information on a case. State troopers may also spend a significant amount of time in a court of law, providing testimony against alleged suspects that they have encountered. To recount this information accurately, state troopers are trained to record all information about an arrest right after the arrest is made. Testimony in front of a grand jury is also common.
Additionally, state troopers can make arrests or detain suspects in many other environments, whether they be on the road, in businesses, in residences, on public property or at other locations in their jurisdiction. They must notify suspects of their legal rights and follow all laws and procedures. State troopers may also stop and frisk suspects to determine if they have anything dangerous or illegal on their person, as well as search and seize property of a suspect if they have acquired a warrant. Securing crime scenes is another important duty of state troopers, and these professionals also provide emergency assistance in the case of accidents or natural disasters, and order backup if necessary. They may rescue or evacuate citizens and provide first aid.
State troopers positions generally require at least high school diploma or equivalent, although many have a postsecondary degree in law enforcement. State troopers also need to successfully complete police academy.
State Trooper Tasks
Log and file all interactions and activities.
Assist at accident and crime sites to ensure public safety.
Patrol assigned areas providing traffic and law enforcement.
Perform searches and arrests.