Stonemasons typically build stone structures, such as piers and walls. They also lay walkways and curbstones and build masonry for things like vats and tanks. Some also build and repair buildings from the ground up.
Some skills that are necessary are being able to mix and pour mortar and grout. They must be able to lay stone and marble, according to the requested pattern. Knowledge of hand and power tools is necessary for smoothing and polishing various surfaces, as well as drilling holes in marble or stone and installing anchor brackets. Repairing areas that are cracked or chipped, removing rough spots and defective spots, and using blowtorches is also part of the job. They must be able to lift heavy objects. Stonemasons should be in decent physical shape, as they will also be climbing ladders and poles and putting up scaffolding. Stonemasons must be able to read blueprints, technical drawings, and tape measures to get accurate measurements for the job. They should be able to determine the costs, materials, resources, and time required for the job.
Creativity, good problem-solving skills, and interpersonal skills are favored in this career, as stonemasons will be dealing with many different people on a day-to-day basis. As far as education and experience goes, most enter an apprenticeship program in order to learn the trade. They usually need to have around three years of experience in these programs in order to get a job. Some stonemasons also enroll in a more formal program, usually in a vocational school or a college.
Follow installation instructions according to a blueprint.
Operate power equipment to cut, shape, and otherwise augment stone and marble prior to installation.
Mix and pour cementing agents, such as mortar, concrete, and grout.
Build outdoor structures using marble, stone, brick, and other materials.
Lift and carry heavy slabs of stone, marble, and brick.