A substitute teacher (K-12) plays a key roll in helping any school or school district function properly. Schools must always have adult supervision for the students in their classrooms, and there will always be times when teachers are sidelined due to illness or emergencies. Schools then call upon the substitute teacher to handle classes, follow available lesson plans, generally oversee the classroom, and help maintain an orderly educational environment.
Substitute teachers will typically have to be fairly flexible in their availability. While sometimes a school or school district will be able to plan for a teacher's absence, many times such occurrences are last-minute emergencies. In those circumstances, when called upon, the substitute should do everything within his or her power to prepare for teaching within a small window of time. This can include reviewing the class size, any lesson plans from the teacher or principal, and any class reports regarding special needs or requirements of students the substitute will interact with. The substitute teacher should be fully aware of all school or school district rules regarding teaching operations, methodologies, and disciplines and follow those guidelines. Typically, a substitute will also need to have excellent skills with handling large groups of children and young people, as well as excellent communications skills and an outgoing personality.
The job requirements for substitute teachers vary by schools and areas. While some school districts only require a bachelor's degree, many now will only consider substitute candidates who hold accredited teaching certificates. For a K-12 substitute (who will potentially work with an age range of 5 through 18), that may include elementary or secondary education training and certification. Many graduates in the education field will work as substitutes until a school or district they prefer has a permanent opening available. Substitutes usually have no set days, but when called upon, they should expect to work starting early mornings and throughout the school day in a classroom environment.
Substitute Teacher, K-12 Tasks
Implement teacher lesson plans and assign classwork and homework according to teachers' instructions.
Complete a daily report for the teacher upon his/her return.
Manage the classroom environment and enforce the teacher's rules.