Geologists are scientists who study the matter that constitutes the Earth and the processes in history that have shaped it. They also study natural hazards like earthquakes, volcanic activity, tsunamis and weather storms and use this data to develop faster ways to warn the public of impending disasters. They are responsible for public safety and promoting it in every aspect of their work. Right now, the focus for geologists is climate change history and evidence and how it will affect the Earth in the future.
Most of Geologists' work is done in the field where they set up sampling equipment, take samples, and interpret that data. Samples that they study can range from simple soil tests to samples taken from the bottom of an ocean or even from the polar ice caps. Geologists do spend some time in the office preparing reports and summaries of their field work in a way that can be interpreted and understood by others.
Geologists can be hired by the government, mining corporations and other companies. They can be asked to search out metals, oils and other Earth resources or they can consult, often sorting out geological information that affects planning and design of structures. They report this information to other professionals who are involved in project. They can collaborate with architects and engineers to make sure the project's end result is safe for the public. Teaching is also another avenue for a geologist. They can teach in elementary schools, high schools or universities. The education process for this type of job focuses on physics, mathematics, chemistry and biology. To get a job in this field, a master's degree is preferred for field work and for teaching. Most states require any geologist also be licensed in that state. Most states will require a teaching license, as well. University teaching positions will require a doctoral degree.
- Communicate with diverse groups like landmen, marketers, regulatory personnel, etc.
- Generate data and visualizations such as mineral charts, soil analyses, groundwater modeling, maps, etc.
- Review, integrate, quality control and collect data for geologic, hydrologic and other databases.
- Investigate sites, take samples, and oversee delineation of land and active worksites.