The basic concept of right to work is that those who wish to work should not be prevented from doing so. On the surface, that sounds like an excellent initiative. Dig a little deeper, and you will find the right to work movement is an attempt to fight the formation of unionized labor.
Proponents of right to work argue that in industries with strong unions, such as teaching, force those who wish to teach to join unions, pay union fees, and give up their right to be represented by the lawyer of their choice should problems arise.
The History Channel discusses the formation of labor unions and states that the first recorded labor strike happened as early as 1768 in New York. Journeyman tailors were told their wages were being reduced and chose to strike in protest. Each individual journeyman tailor could have decided whether to accept the reduced wage or quit and have nothing. Working as a team and striking, however, they were much stronger and more able to defend themselves.
Over the years, labor has fought to organize to achieve specific goals, including living wages and reasonable work hours. Laws regarding overtime today are one accomplishment of the labor movement. Other advantages we enjoy today as a result of the labor movement include benefits to care for injured, sick, and retired workers, safer working conditions, and the illegality of child labor.
But what if you don’t want to join a union? The AFL-CIO has compiled statistics on the difference between working in states with or without right-to-work laws.
Workers in right-to-work states, on average, make about $1500 less per year than equivalent employees in other states. This is because in right-to-work states, employers may offer any wage, as long as it is not less than the federal minimum wage, which is currently $7.25 per hour. The last time the minimum wage was raised was July of 2009. Right-to-work state employers are less likely to offer job-based health insurance, which is why more workers in these states are uninsured. The AFL-CIO has aptly re-named the right-to-work initiative, “The Right to Work for Less.”
These differences exist because it is more difficult for a single job applicant to negotiate a reasonable salary than for an organized group of people to demand it. This is called collective bargaining, and it makes each individual employee stronger. When problems arise, the union represents the employee. There is no need to hire an independent lawyer.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics published a report in April, 2013: “Death on the Job.” According to their data, the rate of workplace deaths is 36 percent higher in right-to-work states.
Employers in right-to-work states benefit from your right to work for a low wage with no insurance or other benefits. You have the right to negotiate on your own without the benefit of collective bargaining, and you have the right to be fired and replaced by a less-expensive employee. You have the right to less-safe working conditions so that your employer may avoid costly safety equipment. Are these rights that you want?
>Tell Us What You Think
What is your opinion about Right to Work? Leave us a comment and join the conversation on Twitter.
More From PayScale
(Photo Credit: laudu/Flickr)