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Higher Education Linked With Higher Pay, Job Security and Better Health

College is expensive, but the investment pays off … even if it takes until the average graduate’s mid-30s to get on the right side of the equation.
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That’s the main takeaway from the 2017 release of the triennial report Education Pays: The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society from The College Board. The report offers insight into the relationship between higher education and salary, health, civic involvement, and other measures of well-being.

“Although obtaining a college degree can mean forgone wages during a time when they are also paying tuition, by age 34 the average bachelor’s degree recipient will have recouped those costs,” Jennifer Ma, senior policy research scientist at the College Board and coauthor of the report, told PR Newswire. “A college education is an investment that pays dividends over the course of a lifetime — even for students who accumulate some debt to obtain a degree.”

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Other findings from the report help to highlight the profound impact of a college degree:

  • The median earnings of full-time workers age 25 and older with bachelor’s degrees were $24,600 (67 percent) higher than those of high school graduates.
  • Two percent of full-time workers with no high school degree between the ages of 35 and 44 earned $100,000 or more. Five percent of high school graduates in that age range earned that much. Twenty-five percent of bachelor’s degree holders fell in this category, as did 38 percent of workers who’d earned advanced degrees.
  • The unemployment rate, in 2015, for 25- to 34-year-olds with at least a bachelor’s degree was 2.6 percent. It was 8.1 percent for high school graduates in this age range.
  • Only 4 percent of bachelor’s degree recipients over the age of 25 lived in poverty, compared with 13 percent of high school graduates.
  • 2014 smoking rates were 8 percent for college graduates and 26 percent for high school grads.
  • Thirty-nine percent of college graduates said they’d volunteered in 2015, whereas only 16 percent of high school graduates said they’d done the same.
  • However, college enrollment rates continue to vary widely by income. In 2015, 82 percent of students from the highest income quintile enrolled in college immediately following high school. Sixty-two percent of students from the middle-income quintile did the same. And, only 58 percent of students from the lowest-income quintile enrolled in college right after high school graduation.

“Given the high payoffs of postsecondary education to both individuals and society as a whole, it is important that we increase college opportunity for all who can benefit and also improve completion rates,” Jessica Howell, executive director of policy and research at the College Board, told PR Newswire. “We’ve designed our Access to Opportunity efforts to break down the barriers that prevent students from applying to and enrolling in college. Our goal is to help all students recognize and make the most of the opportunities they’ve earned.”

Of course, the return on investment of a college education varies significantly by institution and program. Be sure to check out PayScale’s 2017 College ROI Report to research the schools on your radar.

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