The gender pay gap is a complicated issue. Though it's partly caused by the fact that men are more likely to hold higher-paying jobs, it's also true that women are, on average, paid less for performing the same jobs as men. The solution to the gap is often summed up at its most basic as "equal pay for equal work," meaning assuming all else is equal, a woman performing the same job as a man and achieving the same results should receive the same pay. If that woman outperforms her male counterpart, her salary should increase commensurate with her performance, and vice versa. That's easy to understand. Seems fair. Makes sense. Gender should not factor into pay whatsoever.
The U.S. Women's National Soccer Team is putting that idea to the test: On Thursday five star players on the team filed a wage-discrimination action against the U.S. Soccer Federation with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.