A farmer, field crop is a person who works in agriculture to plant, raise, and harvest crops that are sold for food or other uses. This type of farming is different from livestock farming, in that field crop farmers do not traditionally focus on animal husbandry and managing livestock populations. Instead, the field crop farmer focuses entirely on the raising of cash crops. This typically includes scientific measurement of soil quality, planting, irrigation systems use, ongoing fertilization, and harvesting.
Most field crop farmers who work within that job title are found working on smaller, private farms or managing family and independent farming areas. The farmer will typically raise crops that perform well in the particular climate area where the farm is located, taking into account soil quality, temperatures, and expected rainfall. The field farmer and a staff of hired hands will normally use mechanized equipment to plant crops during the early spring and will then set up watering and irrigation schedules that also incorporate automated gear.
A field crop farmer may not need any particular education at all, as some persons in this line of work are simply participating in a longstanding family business. Still, in modern times it is not unusual for persons engaging in this career to seek out agricultural educations from community colleges or universities, as the competitive nature of independent farming increases the need for efficiency in land use. Most farmers work from the pre-dawn hours until after sunset, with daily work throughout the week and weekends required to maintain the operation.