Archeologists are involved in field work and lab work. They must be physically fit because they are often involved in excavating a work site. They may have to dig or transport materials in harsh environments with extreme temperatures and weather conditions. Archeologists must have a strong math background; particularly in statistics. It is also important that they have good writing and communication skills. They write reports on their findings which may be submitted to scientific or academic journals. Archeologists use many excavation tools as well as technological tools for their job.
Archeologists work in both indoor and outdoor environments. The outdoor environments that an archeologist can work in are limitless. When working indoors an archeologist typically works in a research lab.
Archeologists almost always work as part of a team. They work in crews and may work as a field director (someone with experience who helps manage the crew on-site). There are many people behind the scenes of a project that work directly with archeologists; laboratory staff, office staff, managers and administrators. Archeologists may also work closely with geologists, biologists, environmental groups, and other scientists or researchers that study humans and the environment.
Most archeology jobs require experience or a related degree. Many higher level archeology positions require a Masters degree. People who want to have a career in archeology normally study anthropology and go on to advanced training. The training required to be an archeologist is similar to other professional career paths. Archeologists can expect to be devote seven to ten years to school and training before they are full time professional employees.
Archeology work varies greatly. Archeologists usually work on projects that can vary in duration. Sometimes work involves long-term deployment. Other projects allow hours similar to a standard 9-5 day job.
- Plan, develop, and perform laboratory and field work.
- Monitor field work.
- Evaluate proposals and budgets.
- Ensure compliance with laws and regulations.
- Supervise archaeological excavation areas and the restoration and stabilization of the area.