Astrophysicists are scientists involved in researching and hypothesizing the nature of the universe. They do this by observing stars, planets, and astronomical phenomena in order to gain a better understanding of life outside of the Earth's solar system. They make these observations using telescopes, both on land and in space.
Aside from discerning celestial bodies, astrophysicists also pay attention to possible signals from extraterrestrial sources by gauging radio, infrared, and X-ray sources. As the field of astrophysics is still relatively new, very little is known about the nature of the universe. As such, astrophysicists are primarily interested in using their findings to make hypotheses about these unfamiliar concepts. Their findings can lead to theories on a wide range of topics, such as space and time, the nature of life in space, or the origins of the universe. They test these theories by analyzing research data, and then they write reports based on these theories. This final stage of formulating theories and writing reports takes up a large portion of astrophysicists' time. Some astrophysicists additionally work in the field of education, teaching astronomy or astrophysics in schools and universities.
Astrophysicists tend to work in indoor laboratory or classroom settings, though they may also travel to different locations to use equipment in remote areas. They usually work office hours, but there may be times when data collection outside of regular hours is required. Their work doesn't necessarily require much interaction with others, but in some cases they may work on teams. In other cases, they may teach and interact with students. They are required to hold at least a master's degree in astrophysics or a related field, such as mathematics, physics, or astronomy.