A postman, also called a mail carrier or postal carrier, works for the United States Postal Service to deliver letters and packages along a defined route to residents and businesses. A postman typically uses a vehicle such as a postal truck for their work, although they may need to walk for part or all of their route. Their typical day begins in the early morning hours, with the postman accepting pre-sorted mail to be delivered along a regular route. They may need to continue sorting this mail within their delivery truck or van prior to embarking. Most postal routes are organized for efficiency, and the postman normally arranges all mail and packages in their vehicle or bag according to the order of addresses visited. In many postal routes, delivery to apartment complexes and multiple mailboxes is required; to accomplish these deliveries, the postman is usually issued a key by the local post office. Additionally, a postman secures signatures for certified and registered mail, as well as for signature on delivery packages.
To work as a postman, a person must normally pass a civil service examination and have a high school diploma or equivalent. Most individuals who work as a postman begin their careers as mail sorters in post offices. Postmen must be detail oriented and able to accurately deliver mail within a set period of time; they also must be able to physically complete their route, as well as lift and manage bulky packages and mailbags if necessary.
Collect outgoing mail.
Organize mail for delivery.
Deliver mail on route to business and residences.
Redirect mail for changed address.