Janitors perform routine cleaning and maintenance work to maintain optimal appearance in their workplace. The specific demands of the position can vary widely depending on the building to which the janitor is assigned. Common duties include cleaning floors through a combination of mopping, sweeping, and vacuuming, waste removal, window cleaning, restroom maintenance, equipment cleaning, landscape maintenance, and minor repairs on simple equipment.
Training for janitor positions is usually not intensive and is done in house. There are no formal education requirements for custodial staff positions. Previous experience in the field is preferable, but not necessary. Successful applicants may be trained in the use of certain specialized equipment such as floor buffers, steam cleaners, and lawn equipment; they may also be given instruction for special tasks such as minor repairs and the cleaning of sensitive equipment. In some cases, the janitor may have to travel to a location to perform tasks; in such cases, the applicant must possess a drivers' license. Experience with trade skills such as plumbing, HVAC, and electrical systems are desirable.
Janitors are often assigned shifts, rotating with other members of the custodial crew. Hours tend to be regular, though some businesses relegate custodial duties to off-hours, meaning that some positions may require late or overnight hours. Custodial work can be physically demanding, making good physical fitness a great asset. Good interpersonal skills are a plus as well, both for communicating with the public when necessary and for ensuring smooth operation with other members of the custodial staff.
- Clean assigned areas including furniture, telephones, fixtures, walls, windows, window sills, blinds and vents.
- Sweep, mop, and vacuum all area floors, rest rooms and break areas.
- Clean rest room facilities and replenish supplies.
- Perform general cleaning, light floor care and special event set ups.
- Collect and remove trash and recyclables.