Most of the time land surveyors work for engineering, land development or construction companies. They perform boundary surveys, primary surveys, construction staking and other relevant tasks. They must make accurate measurements and determine property boundaries accurately, as well as read construction drawings and ask architects assigned to the project any relevant questions regarding construction drawings. Land surveyors must provide data related to location, elevation, gravitation and other metrics, and they may be required to use global positioning systems (GPS) to determine longitudes and latitudes of relevant boundaries and features of the locations being surveyed. Some land surveyors use helicopters for land surveying, and they may need to train assistants to perform surveys and draft maps.
Most employers require that land surveyors have a high school diploma or equivalent, as well as work experience as a land surveyor. Additionally, many employers require that candidates have a bachelor’s degree in surveying, mapping, geomatics or another relevant field; some require that their land surveyors are licensed prior to joining their company. Land surveyors must pass the Fundamentals of Surveying exam given by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES), and they must be able to use various surveying tools, such as tripods, GPS, auto-levels and land surveying rods. They must be able to use computer-aided design software and stay up to date with surveying technologies and new tools.
Land Surveyor Tasks
Perform construction stake-out and boundary surveys.
Maintain and store of drawing files for active projects.
Perform field surveying to obtain data for base plans.
Assist in the preparation of land development plans and correspondence.
Produce drawings from raw survey data through the finished product.