Statisticians specialize in collecting and analyzing mathematical data to solve problems and make predictions regarding future outcomes. The profession exists in both the private and public sectors. These sectors can include manufacturing, government, science, engineering, science, and public health. When a project is assigned, they will first plan ways to collect information that is needed, and then brainstorm from their knowledge of probability for sampling.
Their duties will vary based upon which type of business or government industry they work for. Statisticians most commonly work in federal, state, and local government, but a variety of fields have a demand for these jobs, as well. Market research and public opinion research companies may have a need for them to collect and interpret statistics, industries often need them for quality control and product development issues, and computer companies might need them to design experiments that determine failure or error rates with software. People with a statistics degree have also been commonly known to hold careers in similar fields such as software engineering, mathematics, and economics.
The minimum educational level required for statisticians is a master's degree in statistics or a related field. For higher positions, a Ph.D. may be required. Statisticians usually work regular hours but sometimes may work longer hours to meet certain deadlines. The setting is usually in an office, though some may travel to provide insight on research or supervise other projects. The employment rate is expected to increase by about 14% through 2018.
- May specialize in fields, such as bio-statistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, economic statistics, or other fields.
- May also develop new mathematical theories.
- Apply statistical theory to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information.