PayScale provides an analysis of median pay for remote and non-remote workers nationally and by industry and occupation, using a controlled and uncontrolled analysis to account for explained and unexplained pay differences between these groups. We also provide the cost of living adjustments for select metro areas and compare these adjustments to PayScale’s crowdsourced data to demonstrate the nuances of compensation differences by location.
Overall sample size is 473,116 profiles, looking at respondents who are specifically either remote workers (“Yes, I telecommute 100% of the time”) or non-remote workers (“No, I can’t telecommute”). Sample collected from 6/1/2018 to 05/31/2020.
Total Cash Compensation: TCC combines base annual salary or hourly wage, bonuses, profit sharing, tips, commissions, and other forms of cash earnings, as applicable. It does not include equity (stock) compensation, cash value of retirement benefits, or value of other non-cash benefits (e.g., healthcare).
Median Pay: The median pay is the national median (50th Percentile) total cash compensation (TCC). Half the people doing the job earn more than the median, while half earn less.
Uncontrolled Median Pay: Median pay for remote and non-remote workers are examined separately. The uncontrolled median pay does not control for variables such as years of experience, education or other compensable factors. This provides a picture of the differences in wages earned by remote and non-remote workers in an absolute sense.
Controlled % Difference: This is the amount that a non-remote worker earns for every dollar that a comparable remote worker earns. That is, this is the pay difference that exists between remote and non-remote workers after we control for all measured compensable factors.
Controlled Median Pay: To illustrate the pay difference between remote and non-remote workers, we calculate this estimate of what the typical non-remote worker would earn they occupied the same position as the typical remote worker.
Industries: PayScale uses 15 industry categories that are custom aggregates of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Occupations: We report data for 22 occupations as defined by the Standard Occupational Classification System.
% COLA: This is the cost of living adjustment on median pay. A +43% COLA means a pay premium of 43% is used to demonstrate the pay difference for a location.